Complete list of mammals zoonosis

Complete list of mammals zoonosis

RODENTS and RABBITS

Viral Zoonosis

Disease

Pathogen

Target Species

Mean of contamination

Zoonotic risk

Lymphocytic Chorioménigitis (LCM)

arenaviruses

(Arenaviridae)

mostly hamster

Bite, 

inhalation, 

aerosols

+/_

Cowpox

orthopoxvirus

(Poxviridae)

bite, scratches

+/_

a breeding in Czech Republic (2013)

Smallpox of the monkey 

(Monkeypox)

orthopoxvirus

(Poxviridae)

Gambian rat (Cricetomys gambianus), prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.) contact with prairie dogs which where contaminated by imported rodents from Ghana in 2003

- in Europe

+ in Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)

hantavirus

(Bunyaviridae)

Bank vole (Clethhonomys glareolus) some breeding strains of rats

inhalation of dust or infectious aerosols +/_

Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF)

Lassa virus (Arenaviridae) African Rat (Mastomys natalensis) Contact with rat droppings

- in Europe

+ in West Africa

Bacterials Zoonosis​

Disease

Pathogen

Target Species

Mean of contamination

Zoonotic risk

Bordetella

Bordetella bronchiseptica

Rabbit, guinea pig

inhalation

+

Leptospirosis

Leptospira icterohemoragiae

mostly wild rodents

urine

-

Tyzzer's disease

Clostridium

piliforme

mice, gerbil

Ingestion of spores spread by healthy carriers rodents

+/_

(immunodepressed people)

Pasteurellosis Pasteurella mrodentsultocida and P. pneumotropica all species Bite, scratch +
Plague Persinia pestis rat, prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.) bites, sting by fleas

- in Europe

+ in USA (Bubonic plague)

Pseudotuberculosis Yersinia pesudotuberculosis Guinea pigs, prairie dogs (Cynomys sp.) oral contamination +/_ 
Salmonellosis Salmonella enterica enterica, S.e.enteritidis, S. typhimurium hands soiled by

the stools of sick rodents

manipulation of frozen mice intended to feed snakes +/_
Rat-bite fever Streptobacillus moniliformis

mainly rats, mice, guinea pigs, gerbils, squirrels

bite +
Streptococcosis Streptococcus pneumoniae and S.haemolyticus beta group C rodents inhalation, contact, bite +/_
Staphylococcal infections

Staphylococcus spp.

rodents contac +/_

Tularemia

Francisella tularensis Rabbit, hare skin or eye direct contact +/_

Other yersiniosis

Yersinia enterolitica Chinchilla, prairie dog orally (droppings-to-mouth transmission from infected animals) +/_

Sodoku

Spirillum morsus muris (S. minus) Rat bite

- in Europe

+ in Japan

Listeriosis

Listeria monocytogenes

Mouse, rat, gerbil bite, scratch

+/_

Parasitic zoonosis

Disease

Pathogen

Target Species

Mean of contamination

Zoonotic risk

Ringworm

Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Microsporum sp

mainly guinea pig, other

rodents and rabbits

Direct contact

+++

Guinea pig scabies

Trixacarus caviae

Guinea pig

Direct contact

+/_

Sarcoptic scabies

Sarcoptes scabiei sp.

Rabbit, guinea pig, prarie dog, hamster

Direct contact

+/_

Notoedricic scabies

Notoedres cati, N.cuniculi

Notoedres.muris

Rabbit (guinea pig, hamster)

Rat

Direct contact

+/_

+/_

Cheyletiellosis

Cheyletiella parasitivorax

Rabbit, (guinea pig)

Direct contact

Pulicosis (flea bites)

Ctenocephalides canis, C.felis

Rabbit, (rodents)

Direct contact

+/_

Taeniasis

Hymenolepis nana

Hymenolepis diminuta

Rat, mouse, hamster, gerbil, guinea pig

Rat, mouse, hamster

Ingestion of infective eggs or the intermediate host (flea, beetle)

+/_

Giardiasis

Giardia duodenalis

G.muris

Rabbit

rodents

fecal-oral pathway

+/_

Ferrets

Disease

Pathogen

Mean of contamination

Zoonotic risk

Viral Zoonosis

Flu

Influenza types A and B

Respiratory tract (inhalation)

++

Rabies

Lyssavirus

Bite, Scratch

-

Avian Flu

Influenza type A H5N1

experimental

-

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

Coronavirus

experimental

-

Bacterial Zoonosis

Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacter jejuni

fecal-oral pathway +/_

Pasteurellosis

Pasteurella multocida

Respiratory

Salmonellosis

Salmonella enterica typhimurium, S. e.choleresuis S. e.newport

fecal-oral pathway +/_

Staphylococcal infections

Streptococcus haemolyticus

Contact, scratch +/_

Staphylococcal infections

Staphylococcus spp.

Contact +/_

Tuberculosis

Mycobacterium avium,

M. bovis, M. tuberculosis

Digestive pathway

+

Parasitic Zoonoses

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium spp. fecal-oral pathway +/_

Giardiasis

Giardia intestinalis fecal-oral pathway

Sarcoptic scabies

Sarcoptes scabiei spp. direct contact +/_

Helminthosis

Toxocara cati, T. canis, T. leonina, Ancylostoma spp. Uncinaria spp. fecal-oral pathway +/_

Pulicosis (flea bites)

Ctenocephalides canis, C.felis direct contact +/_

Ringworm

Microsporum 

canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes

direct contact +/_

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasma gondii fecal-oral pathway +/_

(From a traduction of a report of the French Veterinarian Academy)