Complete list of birds zoonosis

Complete list of birds zoonosis

Disease Pathogen Target species Contamination mode zoonotic risk

Viral zoonosis

Avian Influenza

Influenza type A, various subtype including H5N1

all birds

contact with droppings or oculo-nasal secretions

+

Newcastle disease

Paramyxovirus of type 1

migratory birds

dust inhalation,eyes contact by rubbing with infected hands

+/_ conjunctivitis

non in Europe since 1999

West Nile fever

Arbovirus (Flaviridae)

migratory birds

mosquitoes

+/_

Bacterial zoonosis

Chlamydiosis

Chlamydophila psittaci Especially Psittaciformes inhalation of droppings and feathers dust, eyes and nose secretions ++

Campylobacteriosis

Campylobacter spp.
all species fecal-oral pathway +/_

Listeriosis

Listeria 

monocytogenes

all species contact, inhalation +/_

Salmonellosis

Salmonella enterica enterica all species fecal-oral pathway +/_

Pseudotuberculosis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

all species fecal-oral pathway +/_

Tuberculosis

Mycobactehum tuberculosis, M. bovis

psittaciformes direct contact

++

Reverse zoonosis: Parrot tuberculosis reveals a human tuberculosis  

Swine erysipelas

Erysipelothrix 

rhusiopathiae

Turkey, other birds direct contact

+/_

Rickettsiosis

Rickettsia spp.

Parasitic zoonoses

Candidiasis

Candida albicans all species direct contact +/_

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium spp.

passeriformes, psittaciformes  direct, food carrying sporulated oocysts +/_

Red mites

Dermanyssus gallinae

columbiformes, chickens, small exotic birds direct or indirect contact +/_

Giardiasis (beaver fever)

Giardia psittaci

cockatiels, Passeriformes fecal-oral pathway +/_

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasma gondii

Passeriformes direct contact +/_

Cryptococcosis

Cryptococcus neoformans

pigeons

droppings

+/_

NB: Aspergillosis (Aspergillus fumigatus, A. Niger, common in psittacine, raptors, blackbirds, ...) is not a really  a zoonosis, birds and humans are contaminated by spores present in the same environment. But the birds can be direct vectors.

(From a traduction of a report of the French Veterinarian Academy)