The french legislation ofnon-domestic animals is controlled by The Environmental Code, Articles L413-1 à L413-5 and Articles L413-6 à L413-8
Respect the ecological balance and preserve biodiversity.
- Limit taking of animals in the natural environment by allowing animal lists for International Trade
- Develop the quality of breeding techniques and encourage the reproduction in endangered species
- Prevent the development of invasive species (for example: Red-eared slider and European pond turtle)
Ensure the safety and health of the people.
- Avoid injury to people by animals, by restrictions for dangerous animals
- Avoid transmission of diseases (zoonosis)
Ensure the welfare of the animals and promote the quality and the technicality of breeders.
- Give to animals conditions of accommodation adapted to their biological characteristics.
- Satisfaction of their physiological needs
Status of animals
Group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
The species is the principal natural taxonomic unit, ranking below a genus and denoted by a Latin binomial, e.g., Homo sapiens.
Stock of animals or plants within a species having a distinctive appearance and typically having been developed by deliberate selection.
Taxonomic category that ranks below subspecies (where present) or species, its members differing from others of the same subspecies or species in minor but permanent or heritable characteristics.
A variety is commonly obtained by mutation.
Categories defined in french legislation
Wildlife species protected at the international level (CITES, EU)
Wildlife species protected at local level (France, Metropolitan, Corsican and French Guiana)
- France Metropolitan: France legally class wildlife into 3 categories:
- French Guiana: It'an overseas department of France. To complete international laws of the trade of protected species, a national legislation has been done. List and prohibitions: "Arrêté Guyane"
List of non-domestic species whose detention is subject to official authorization
and that the marking is mandatory
This species can be internationaly protected or not. (For example, Sus scrofa - Wild Boar)
Sus scrofa - Wild Boar
The list is the Annex I of the MO_August 10, 2014.
Marking is made by tattoo, ear tagging, RFID transponders , or ringing. The methods are detailed in the Annex B of the MO_August,10 2014.
Some species may be authorized only in special cases: the Gracile capuchin monkey (Cebus spp.) for the assistance to a disabled person and raptors for hunting. MO_August,10
Gracile capuchin monkey (Cebus spp.) Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) hunting
Dangerous wildlife species
The Annexe 3 of MO_August 10, 2004 fixes the list of the animals considered as dangerous.
Invasive alien species
Based on the Regulation (EU) No 1143/2014 and its list.
Keeping of animals of this list is prohibited.
A European site of informations on Alien Species: easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu
Wildlife species unprotected
All the other species.
Status of the holder of non domestic species
- common rules: defined in an other MO_August 10, 2004
- a prior official authorization
- the responsible person of the animals care must have a certificate of capacity for the maintenance of these animals.
- Different kinds of breeding establishment:
- Non-professionnals: all the "hobby holdings" who don't respect the limitations of the MO_Augus 10, 2004
- profit purpose breeder
- game breeder for legal hunting
- Zoos and aquariums
- Health care facilities for wildlife
- Pet stores
- Tow categories of establishments:
- Defined by Article R413-14 of the Environmental Code and MO_November 21, 1997
- The first category includes institutions that present dangers or serious disadvantages for wildlife and natural environments as well as the safety of individuals. The approval takes the form of a prefect order.
- The second category includes establishments which does not have such dangers or disadvantages. The approval is simplest.