Hygiene in housing and grooming mammals

Hygiene in housing and grooming mammals

Ferret Mustela putorius furo

Key features of good ferret husbandry

  • House in compatible social groups 
  • Keep in a secure, escape proof enclosure of sufficient height, to at least allow the animals to stand on their back legs
  • A smooth, non-slip solid floor, with substrate 
  • Provide sufficient space to allow separate areas for urination and defecation, eating and food storage, activity and resting/sleeping, and environmental enrichment
  • A vertical surface for scent marking and use as a latrine, well away from the eating and sleeping areas. Ferrets can also be trained to use a litter box
  • A warm, dry resting/sleeping chamber containing comfortable nesting material 
  • A complex and stimulating environment including, for example, containers and tubes, paper bags and  hammocks, water baths, ladders 
  • An appropriate environment with choice of microenvironment within the pen. Temperature in the range 15 to 24°C with appropriate humidity. 
  • Regular and confident handling 

Hygiene of cage:

  • once a day:
    • remove wet or dirty areas othe bedding, excrements and leftovers of food
    • restore the clean bedding,
    • clean the accessories for food and water
    • change water
  • once a week: remove the entire bedding and clean the bottom of the cage
  • once a month:
    • completely clean the cage with warm water and dishwashing soap or other detergent like SaniterpenTM
    • disinfect all, even the accessories:
      • either vinagar 50% and water 50%, most of time
      • either bleach 10% in cold water,especially in case of desease

Bleach

      • either other disinfectants like VirkonTM
    • rinse carefully
    • dry

Grooming

Video: Clipping nails and cleaning ears

Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus

Hygiene of cage:

like ferret

Grooming

  • Hair:
    • No bath except in the case of soiling or veterinary treatment
    • brush it every week, especially for the Angora
  • Nails: cut them every month
  • Ears: inspect them regularly, but cleaning not necessary, except in the case of diseases
  • Genital apparatus: daily monitor the absence of defilements

Guinea Pig Cavia porcellus

Hygiene of habitat:

like ferret

Grooming

  • bath: not necessary exept if the guinea pig is very dirty
  • combing and cutting the fur: only forth long haired
  • Nails: cut them every month

Chinchilla Chinchilla lanigera

Hygiene of habitat:

  • like ferret

  • important: a sand bath is essential for the good health of the hair of the chinchilla ultra-thin soft sand, without silica and with micronized sulphur

    • every day or tow days: sift the sand to remove droppings and everything could fall into it.
    • every 10 days or so: change the sand and clean the tub with very hot water
    • once per month: clean, disinfect, rinse carefully and dry the tub

Grooming

  • brush the fur every few weeks
  • nails: no need: Usually chinchillas keep their nails short on their own.
  • check the absence of ring of hair around the penis

Rat Rattus norvegicus

Hygiene of habitat:

like ferret but complete cleaning is  recommanded more often: once a week or every two weeks. 

    Do not forget the bars: the rats often urinate on them.

    Grooming

    • The rat is clean and makes its only toilet: do not wash except when it is really very dirty
    • Nails: cut only if they scratch you

    Syrian hamster Mesocricetus auratus

    Hygiene of habitat:

    • like ferret

    • Some of them enjoy bath of sand like chinchillas

    Grooming

    • No groomin except in special cases.
    • Hair: the hamster is naturally very clean, he regularly makes her toilet and maintains his coat alone. However, once tamed, he likes to be   scratched with a soft brush.  Attention never bathe him, your hamster comes from the desert, so he is not accustomed to the water.
    • Nails: Hamster spends a lot, he so regularly uses its claws. It is not necessary to cut