Hygiene in housing and grooming birds

Hygiene in housing and grooming birds

Hygiene in housing

  • Daily:
    • waterers:
      • "open": clean, disinfect, rinse, dry, change water
      • "bottle": change water
    • feeders for fresh or wet food: clean and disinfect
    • ground: remove feathers, remains of food (fresh or wet), droppings
  • Weekly:
    • bottle waterers: clean, disinfect, rinse, dry
    • feeders for seed: clean, disinfect, rinse, dry
    • ground: clean, rinse, dry
  • Monthly
    • deepcleaning of the entire cage and its accessories: clean, disinfect, rinse, dry

Keep in mind:

  • This proposed hygiene protocol can accept variations depending:
    • on the species of birds
    • the density of animals in the cage
    • the importance of the number of departures and arrivals of the birds
  • It must be remembered that bacterial proliferation is dependent on two main factors: the droppings and moisture.
  • The protocol therefore must make sure to remove the droppings as soon as possible and maintain all dry and clean

Products to use:

  • cleansing: dishwashing liquid
  • disinfection:
    • white vinegar 50% in water: for current use
    • or bleach 10% in water
      • Attention: do not use in the presence of the birds due to a respiratory toxicity
      • corrosive for metal cages
      • must be applied during a time of 15 minutes to be effective
    • or various kinds of trade disinfectants:
      • Some are both cleaners and disinfectants: apply a first time as a cleanser, and a second as a disinfectant
      • ?respect the time of effective application


Trimming beak

Normally the beak grows and wears at the same speed, which makes it useless.

However in some cases the beak is deformed, which is due to different possible etiologies:

  • birth malformation
  • virus: PBFD (Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease)
  • fungus
  • nutritional deficiency
  • chronic liver insufficiency

It must then be trimmed in the medical sector, but the cause must be identified and treated.


  • 2 persons,one for the physical restraint
  • use a small abrasive disc, mounted on a high speed motor.
  • important: irrigate for do not burn the beak
  • in case of bleeding, stop the trimming and apply some ferrous chlorid

Trimming nails

If the nails are too long, you can cut them, by avoiding the vascular part with a safety distance of 2 mm.

Clipping nails

(source: youtube.com)

Clipping wings

Clipping wings can be usefulfor all of the more social birds that are allowed out of the cage, and those who live outdoor.


  • 2 persons,one for the physical restraint
  • The first 46 primary feathers should be cut from both wings from the outside to inside below the level of the upper wing coverts
  • We can leave the Number 1 to have an aesthetic appearance, and cut one ore two more after the third one

  • for the hens, cut more feathers, but just one side:


Showers, baths, misting

Most birds like bath or get wet by water spraying.

  • for bath, give them a large water dish
  • not to promote a proliferation of bacteria, remove it as soon as the bath is finished