Basics in hospital accommodation
The hospitalized animals, sick or operated, are very vulnerable and it is necessary to maximally protect them against superinfection.
In addition, they could be a disease healthy carrier and they could excrete more germs because of their immune deficiency. So:
During hospitalization of the same animal:
- droppings: must be removed immediatly.
- the substrate should be easy to change: a clean draw sheet on part of the cage or terrarium.
- if there is no urine disposal device (for example slatted floor) and if the animal can't urinate in a litter box, the wet substrat must have to be removed immediately.
- ground and walls of the cage or terrarium: clean them every day.
Between the stay of two differents pets in a cage or terrarium:
The cage or terrarium must be completely cleaned and disinfected.
- Use a detergent
- Hot water
- Spectrum (authenticated by European standards ).
- bactericidal: Standard EN 13727, …
- Most of the current bacteria are relatively easy to kill. A lot of disinfectants can be used.
- virucidal: EN 14476, …
- some of them are very resistant. Only oxidants can be used for all of them, like bleach or VirkonTM
- fungicidal: EN 14347, …
- useful against ringworm, Candida, and Aspergilus
- sporicidal: EN 1650, …
- Some bacteria, such as the anaerobic germs, make very resistant spores (for example Clostridium spp. in reptiles)
- Minimum contact time
- Defined by the manufacturer, must be respected.
The disinfectants may be toxic for animals, so the cages or the vivaria must be carefully rinsed.
Drying and Fallowing Period
If possible, a fallowing period is applied. At least the cage must be dry before put back another animal.