Basics in hospital accommodation

The hospitalized animals, sick or operated, are very vulnerable and it is necessary to maximally protect them against superinfection.

In addition, they could be a disease healthy carrier and they could excrete more germs because of their immune deficiency. So:

During hospitalization of the same animal:

  1. droppings: must be removed immediatly.
  2. urine: 
    • the substrate should be easy to change: a clean draw sheet on part of the cage or terrarium.
    • if there is no urine disposal device (for example slatted floor) and if the animal can't urinate in a litter box, the wet substrat must have to be removed immediately.
  3. ground and  walls of the cage or terrarium: clean them every day.

Between the stay of two differents pets in a cage or terrarium:

The cage or terrarium must be completely cleaned and disinfected.


  • Use a detergent
  • Hot water



  • Spectrum (authenticated by European standards ).  
    • bactericidal: Standard EN 13727, …
      • Most of the current bacteria are relatively easy to kill. A lot of disinfectants can be used.
    • virucidal: EN 14476, …
      • some of them are very resistant. Only oxidants can be used for all of them, like bleach or VirkonTM
    • fungicidal: EN 14347, …
      • useful against ringworm, Candida, and Aspergilus 
    • sporicidal: EN 1650, …
      • Some bacteria, such as the anaerobic germs, make very resistant spores (for example Clostridium spp. in reptiles)
  • Minimum contact time
    • Defined by the manufacturer, must be respected.


The disinfectants may be toxic for animals, so the cages or the vivaria must be carefully rinsed.

Drying and Fallowing Period

If possible, a fallowing period is applied. At least the cage must be dry before put back another animal.