What happens in natural environnement?
What happens in artificial environnement?
Hygiene in housing and grooming animals
See Frederic' course
- At the pet clinic
Example of protocols in a hospital
See Adeline's course
Hygiene in animal feeding
1.Basics at home
2. At the clinic: the rules are more stringent than at home:
- Means of preservation: they are the same but must to be respected. The fresh or wet food should be distributed in small quantities to be quickly consumed. The remains must be removed within 3 hours
- Hygiene of containers: they have to be cleaned and desinfected once a day if the pet remains several days.
- Manipulation: before and after preparing food, the hands must be washed with antiseptic technique
- Water: must be changed at least once a day, and whenever it's necessary (presence of visible impurities)
The hygiene of the staff is to:
- prevent the contamination of the animal by germs that the staff is carrying, from itself or from other animals
- prevent the export of the germs that the animal is carrying to other animals
- prevent the contamination of the staff by zoonotics germs that the animal is carrying
The hands are the most important vector of contamination. A good hands hygiene is fundamental
Three ways are possible to maintain the hygiene of the hands. Each has its indication and its technique:
- medical shoes have to be woren in the clinic.
- disposable overshoes: protect the surgical room from bacteria entrance
- Clothes: protect both the animal and the staff from cross contaminations.
- protective headwear
- overalls, suits (gowls, tunic, pants),sterile or not
- Safety glasses and protection masks: protect eyes and face skin from zoonotics germs.
- Gloves: as hands hygiene, they are the most important. They can be sterile or not, and their use obeys certain rules.
Hygiene rules in different situations of care