Hygiene

Hygiene

Introduction

Why hygiene

What happens in natural environnement?

What happens in artificial environnement?

Hygiene in housing and grooming animals

Home housing

  1. Mammals
  2. Birds
  3. Reptiles
  4. Fishes

See Frederic' course

Hospital housing

  1. Basics
  2. At the pet clinic

Example of protocols in a hospital

See Adeline's course

Hygiene in animal feeding

1.Basics at home

2. At the clinic: the rules are more stringent than at home:

  • Means of preservation: they are the same but must to be respected. The fresh or wet food should be distributed in small quantities to be quickly consumed. The remains must be removed within 3 hours
  • Hygiene of containers: they have to be cleaned and desinfected once a day if the pet remains several days. 
  • Manipulation: before and after preparing food, the hands must be washed with antiseptic technique 
  • Water: must be changed at least once a day, and whenever it's necessary (presence of visible impurities) 

Staff hygiene

The hygiene of the staff is to:

  • prevent the contamination of the animal by germs that the staff is carrying, from itself or from other animals
  • prevent the export of the germs that the animal is carrying to other animals
  • prevent the contamination of the staff by zoonotics germs that the animal is carrying

Hands hygiene

The hands are the most important vector of contamination. A good hands hygiene is fundamental

Three ways are possible to maintain the hygiene of the hands. Each has its indication and its technique:

Protective clothing

  • Shoes:
    • medical shoes have to be woren in the clinic.
    • disposable overshoes: protect the surgical room from bacteria entrance
  • Clothes: protect both the animal and the staff from cross contaminations.
    • protective headwear
    • overalls, suits (gowls, tunic, pants),sterile or not
  • Safety glasses and protection masks: protect eyes and face skin from zoonotics germs.
  • Gloves: as hands hygiene, they are the most important. They can be sterile or not, and their use obeys certain rules.

Hygiene rules in different situations of care

Conclusion